At the birth of a child with a cleft palate or a cleft lip, some parents panic, while others are actively looking in the literature and the Internet for information on where to start and what to do next. Not always doctors can answer all the questions that arise. Parents don’t always know what to ask.
The birth of a long-awaited baby – what could be more important, more important, happier than this moment for any parent? But the process of the birth of a small person is sometimes accompanied by events for which one cannot be prepared in advance. Such surprises include the birth of a baby with a cleft palate and deformity of the lip. What do You need To Know About Cleft Lip and Palate in Dubai & Abu Dhabi?
Cleft Palate and Lip are Congenital Malformations of the Face:
They occur in the early stages of pregnancy. At the 5-6th week of pregnancy, the primary embryonic palate appears and the upper lip is formed, at the 10-11th – the secondary embryonic palate. Here’s What do You need To Know About Cleft Lip and Palate in Dubai?
- A cleft lip is a cleft lip that looks like a narrow hole or tears in the skin and mucosa of the upper lip. The cleft often extends to the nose area and also extends to the bones of the upper jaw.
- The cleft palate is a cleft or opening in the palate. The cleft palate may extend into the hard palate (the bony front of the palate) and/or the soft palate (the soft back of the palate).
- Left-sided cleft lip, alveolar process and palate Left-sided cleft lip, alveolar process, and palate
- There are many different forms of cleft palate and lip, which can be divided into two groups based on etiology and morphology. These are cleft lip and alveolar process, with or without cleft palate; isolated cleft palate that occurs at a later stage, after normal development of the upper lip and jaw. Clefts can be unilateral or bilateral, as well as complete and incomplete.
- Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital facial deformity (1/700 newborns) and has been a surgical problem since ancient times. Chinese documents dating back to 390 BC contain an account of a dignitary of the Emperor who was operated on for a deformity of his upper lip. Other historical documents describe similar surgical interventions in the era of the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
- Bilateral cleft lip, alveolar process and palate Bilateral cleft lip, alveolar process, and palate
Revolutionary in the treatment were the anatomical studies of the French surgeon Victor Ve, who in 1930 developed the basis for the rational treatment of cleft lip and palate. The most important points of Be’s philosophy are:
- There is no lack of fabric. The tissues are stretched and displaced, but present.
- To properly restore the lip and palate, it is important first of all to restore the anatomy of the dislocated structures.
- Incorrect growth of the bones of the face and dysfunction are in most cases the result of incorrect anatomical reconstruction.
Causes of Cleft Lip and Palate:
In most cases, the exact cause of these defects is unknown, which means that it is impossible to prevent the occurrence of these deformations. Cleft lip and palate are thought to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. If this anomaly was found in the parents of a child, his relatives, or brothers (sisters), there is a risk of its occurrence in a newborn in 15–33% of cases.
The cleft palate and the cleft lip can also be the result of exposure to viruses, chemicals, alcohol, drugs, certain medications, and vitamin deficiency.
How is the Diagnosis Made?
Cleft lip and palate are easy to diagnose as they present with obvious physiological defects. An ultrasound scan during pregnancy can sometimes help determine if an unborn baby has a cleft. If no deformities were found during the prenatal ultrasound examination, the diagnosis is confirmed after a physical examination of the mouth, nose, and palate after the baby is born. Sometimes deformities can be detected during examinations aimed at detecting other developmental anomalies.
Since you know What do You need To Know About Cleft Lip and Palate in Dubai & Abu Dhabi? Get the help of our professionals at Enfield Royal Cosmetic Surgery Clinic.