With an increase in sunny days, ultraviolet rays become more aggressive which increases the risk of developing malignant skin tumors, signs of photoaging, or light brown spots called melasma increases.
Melasma affects women more than it affects men, it appears between the ages of 30 to 40. Individuals with a darker skin or people who tan well tend to be more prone to the problem than others. Pigmentation is most often localized in the upper part of the cheeks, the bridge of the nose, forehead, and upper lips. It gets darker under the influence of sun rays or any other sources of ultraviolet radiation. Melasma treatment in Dubai can help solve the issue before it gets worse.
What is Melasma?
Melasma is a dark brown patch of pigmentation that appears on sun-exposed areas of skin, usually on the face. People who spend a lot of time in the sun have an increased risk of developing melasma. It often occurs during pregnancy and in women taking oral contraceptives but can affect anyone. Most often it occurs in women between 20 and 50 years old, and the likelihood increases with a genetic predisposition or hormonal changes.
Sign & Symptoms:
Melasma is characterized by brown or gray-brown spots with well-defined borders. They are single or numerous, usually localized symmetrically on the forehead, cheeks, chin, and can also affect the wings of the nose and upper lip.
Depending on the location of the spots, the disease is divided into several forms:
- Hyperpigmentation occurs in the central facial region.
- The spots are localized around the upper lip and under the nose.
- The pigmentation is focused on the chin.
The result of the treatment is light and healthy skin. After one session, the spots will noticeably become lighter by several tones, after a course of 4 to 5 procedures they will completely disappear. After treatment, exclude saunas, baths, swimming pools, solariums, and sun for 4 weeks.
Possible Causes of Melasma:
Melasma is caused because of the following reasons:
- Genetic predisposition
- Exposure to ultraviolet rays
- Hormonal changes like pregnancy or menopause
The Ideal Candidate for Treatment:
An ideal candidate for the treatment will be someone not having any of the following conditions:
- Chronic skin conditions
- Pregnancy and lactation
Melasma Treatment Options:
There are many techniques available to fix melasma, and the doctor will decide which treatment is appropriate after consultation:
The use of cosmetics that inhibit the production of excessive melanin:
- Kojic acid
- Azelaic acid
- Topical retinoids
- Topical corticosteroids
Peels work by causing the top layer of skin to peel off, and a doctor can only carry it out because a specific rehabilitation regime must be observed. Chemical peels can be done using salicylic acid, hydroxy acids, and retinoic peeling.
It is a gentle mechanical resurfacing of the upper layer of the epidermis, which is similar in effect to peeling. This procedure aims to restore the smoothness of the skin, make scars more invisible, and remove age spots. It also improves the complexion significantly.
Modern laser treatment methods are precisely aimed at the root cause of the appearance of spots, melanocyte cells. The laser beam acts on the melanocytes in the area of the age spot and destroys them. After such destruction, collagen is actively produced, and new tissue with natural light pigment is formed.
If the problem is mixed, then the best results will be shown by a combination of superficial laser peeling.
Techniques that destroy pigment are currently the best choice for the correction of pigmented lesions, as they allow you to eliminate the pigment without compromising the integrity of the skin. The disadvantage is the difficulty of removing deep-seated age spots.
It is essential to take care of the treated area after the procedure. Following the post-operative directions will help you get the best results and a faster recovery.
- Apply the topical medication to the treatment site to minimize side effects after your procedure.
- Keep the treated area moist and do not touch it unnecessarily.
- Avoid rubbing or massaging your skin for about two weeks after the procedure.
- Avoid prolonged sun exposure for several weeks after treatment.
- Apply sunscreen to your face before going outside during the day
- In some cases, scabs will appear, so don’t take or scratch them.
The cost is impacted by several factors, including the technique used for treatment, the number of sessions needed, and the doctor’s expertise. The cost of Melasma treatment in Dubai can range from AED 700 and AED 9500.
Book a Free Appointment:
If you are looking for Melasma treatment in Dubai, you can contact Enfield Royal Clinic for possible best services. Fill out the consultation form below to book a free appointment.